linux将没有格式化的硬盘以ext3格式挂载

阿福提醒:请先挂载硬盘再安装web环境否则可能会出些小问题。

一般来说,vps提供商都会处于安全的考虑,提供两块硬盘,一块作为系统盘,另一块,作为数据盘。当系统出问题之后,只需要重装系统盘即可,然后数据还是在的。这个方法会让系统盘无法利用。不过能用第二块硬盘保障数据的安全还是不错的。

下面就开始咱们的挂在之路吧

[root@MyVPS ~]# fdisk -l (查看磁盘分区)

Disk /dev/xvdb: 7516 MB, 7516192768 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 913 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes

Disk /dev/xvdb doesn't contain a valid partition table

Disk /dev/xvda: 10.7 GB, 10737418240 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 1305 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes

    Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/xvda1   *           1          13      104391   83  Linux
/dev/xvda2              14        1044     8281507+  8e  Linux LVM
/dev/xvda3            1045        1305     2096482+  8e  Linux LVM
[root@MyVPS ~]# df -hal //*查看已划分区空间使用情况*//
Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/VolGroup00-LogVol00
                      9.3G  1.2G  7.7G  13% /
proc                     0     0     0   -  /proc
sysfs                    0     0     0   -  /sys
devpts                   0     0     0   -  /dev/pts
/dev/xvda1             99M   29M   66M  31% /boot
tmpfs                 151M     0  151M   0% /dev/shm
none                     0     0     0   -  /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc
sunrpc                   0     0     0   -  /var/lib/nfs/rpc_pipefs
[root@MyVPS ~]# fdisk /dev/xvdb //*对硬盘/dev/xvdb进行增加分区操作*//
Device contains neither a valid DOS partition table, nor Sun, SGI or OSF disklabel
Building a new DOS disklabel. Changes will remain in memory only,
until you decide to write them. After that, of course, the previous
content won't be recoverable.

Warning: invalid flag 0x0000 of partition table 4 will be corrected by w(rite)

Command (m for help): n //*输入n新建分区*//
Command action
   e   extended
   p   primary partition (1-4)
p //*输入p主分区*//
Partition number (1-4): 1 //*输入1第一个分区*//
First cylinder (1-913, default 1): //*回车跳过*//
Using default value 1
Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (1-913, default 913): //*回车跳过*//
Using default value 913

Command (m for help): w //*输入W保存退出*//
The partition table has been altered!

Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.
Syncing disks.
[root@MyVPS ~]# mkfs -t ext3 /dev/xvdb1 //*将新分区xvdb1(此名称因系统而异)格式化为ext3格式*//
mke2fs 1.39 (29-May-2006)
Filesystem label=
OS type: Linux
Block size=4096 (log=2)
Fragment size=4096 (log=2)
917504 inodes, 1833410 blocks
91670 blocks (5.00%) reserved for the super user
First data block=0
Maximum filesystem blocks=1879048192
56 block groups
32768 blocks per group, 32768 fragments per group
16384 inodes per group
Superblock backups stored on blocks:
    32768, 98304, 163840, 229376, 294912, 819200, 884736, 1605632

Writing inode tables: done                          
Creating journal (32768 blocks): done
Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done

This filesystem will be automatically checked every 21 mounts or
180 days, whichever comes first.  Use tune2fs -c or -i to override.
[root@MyVPS ~]# mount /dev/xvdb1 /home //*将新分区xvdb1挂载到目录/home*//
[root@MyVPS ~]# df -hal
Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/VolGroup00-LogVol00
                      9.3G  1.2G  7.7G  13% /
proc                     0     0     0   -  /proc
sysfs                    0     0     0   -  /sys
devpts                   0     0     0   -  /dev/pts
/dev/xvda1             99M   29M   66M  31% /boot
tmpfs                 151M     0  151M   0% /dev/shm
none                     0     0     0   -  /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc
sunrpc                   0     0     0   -  /var/lib/nfs/rpc_pipefs
/dev/xvdb1            6.9G  144M  6.4G   3% /home
[root@MyVPS ~]# echo "/dev/xvdb1 /home ext3 defaults 1 2" >> /etc/fstab //*添加开机自动挂载*//

在明天阿福将介绍一下将硬盘已LVM的格式挂在,充分利用磁盘空间。

作者: 阿福

购买时被坑爹的枪手坑了。只知道介绍如何如何的好,不知道介绍其坏处。因此,写此博客,望能给各大网友帮助。

《linux将没有格式化的硬盘以ext3格式挂载》有4个想法

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